Welcome to Start Your Lab's official page for the Git Goals Tutorial. In this tutorial you will learn how to make your first real contribution on GitHub!
Before continuing with this tutorial, you must create a user account on GitHub. You can do so by following these instructions.
You don't need any special software to do this tutorial - you'll participate using just the GitHub.com interface. The steps to follow for this tutorial are detailed here on this page.
The goal of this tutorial is to create a git goals file, where you will describe yourself with a professional summary, a fun fact, and a short description of a goal you have related to best practices. For example, you can view Ari Dyckovsky's git goals file at this link.
To get started, open the Git Goal Tutorial's GitHub repository in a new browser window, and then navigate into the
git-goals-files folder on the tutorial's repository page.
While inside the
git-goals-files folder, click Add file > Create new file. Then, name your file using your GitHub username, like
username.md. Make sure to include the file extension
You should now copy and paste the contents of the template text below into the live editor for your newly created git goals file.
.md files are called Markdown files. They're a standard filetype that makes it easy to create formatted documents. You can learn more about Markdown documents (files ending in
.md) using the Markdown Guide.
To populate your git goals file, start with this template.
This template uses emoji codes, i.e.,
:mortar_board: for 🎓.
After creating your git goals file with the template, it's time to make some updates to reflect who you are and what your Git Goals are!
Since you created the file and pasted in the template yourself, you're already editing it! Now that you're in editing mode, for this tutorial we ask you to make the following changes:
First Lastto your name
- Add your pronouns next to your name
- Update your professional summary
- Include a personal fun fact
- Write your best practices learning goal
When you think your git goals file is ready to go, you can click on the "Preview changes" button directly above the file's text. Simply click "Edit file" to go back to the editor. After you finish writing the contents of your git goals file, you need to "save" your changes. You'll do this by proposing your changes to the repository.
Below the file editor, there's a small form with the phrase Propose changes or Propose new file at the top. This is where you write a message that briefly describes what you just did, giving enough context that someone who later wants to understand what happened in the file could read your description and know roughly what changes were made.
Use the provided form to write a brief title message that describes the changes you made above (just a few words, e.g. "filled out git goals profile"). You can use the larger text box below to write an extended description, which can help provide more context around your file modifications for both you and your team. Then, click the button to submit the proposed changes.
Part of the philosophy of Git is to always make changes intentionally. That means that every time you want to integrate a change into your main code, you have to fill out a message like this summarizing what you did. When the repository is not yours or one you've explicitly been granted access to, you Propose changes. When the repository is yours, or someone has given you special access to it, you Commit changes. They function very similarly in most other respects.
After proposing your changes, you will be brought to a page titled "Comparing changes". This is where you will create a pull request, which informs the Start Your Lab team that you would like to add your completed git goals file to the tutorial repository. Click Create pull request, and it will bring you to a text editor to describe your pull request.
The title of your pull request should automatically use the summary description text that you wrote in the previous step, and the body should look like this:
To fill out the pull request's template, simply replace the
Please delete ... line with documentation of your changes. There will be many other things on the page, but don't worry about them for this tutorial. When you've documented the changes you made, simply click the green Create pull request button. This submits your request and notifies the Start Your Lab team that you have made changes.
Once you submit a pull request, the process isn't over, but that's all you need to do for now! At this point, a member of the Start Your Lab team will review the proposed changes to your git goals file and make sure everything works as expected. This review is not a test and serves only as an opportunity for you to receive constructive, friendly, and supportive feedback on your first contribution from the Start Your Lab team.
If we happen to notice a way to improve your pull request, we'll let you know by leaving a comment on the pull request page. If so, it's pretty easy to edit the file, and we'd be happy to guide you through that. Then, when everything is in tip-top shape, we can approve your changes and merge them into the main, public-facing version of the project, called the main branch. Once your requested changes are pulled into the repository's main branch (the default, working version of the project), your pull request will be closed and you will be able to find your git goals file in the main tutorial repository's
You did it! You made your first real contribution to a GitHub repository. Not too bad, right?
This tutorial is relatively new! We welcome, value, and appreciate any feedback you may have about this tutorial. You can send your feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org.